Glossary of Terms

Sex Uncertain: This fish is too small or not showing enough signs of specific sex yet. Many times 2.5" and up Sex Uncertain will turn out to be females.

Female: This fish is large enough to show male like color or markings and has yet to do so - however, a few males can be late bloomers

Part Color Male: This fish has signs of being male, usually slight color, egg spots, or other male like markings. Some fish, especailly haps can be slow to turn full color.

Male: These are full color male fish. Mbuna fish are tough to sex and may occasionally full me. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

WILD: This fish is collected from their native body of water and imported for the aquarium trade. I rarely get these type fish; but, sometimes they are available by special order.

F1: This fish is the progeny of two wild cichlids and are one generation removed from the wild

F2: This fish is the progeny of two F1 cichlids and are two generations removed from the wild

Pair/Trio Only: These fish are sized based on the male's size (females may be an inch or more smaller)

There are no guarantees of sex, compatible pair, or compatible trio combinations; all fish sold as male and female are considered 'likely male' and 'likely female' respectively


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Protomelas sp. Steveni Taiwan Reef

Protomelas sp. Steveni Taiwan Reef
Family: Malawi Haplochromines
Product Code: Malawi Haplochromines
Availability: 14
Price: $7.00

Pair / Trio: save up to 10% OFF
  - choose 1 male & 1 female for a pair
  - OR choose 1 male & 2 females to form a trio

3 or More: save up to 8% OFF
  - choose any 3 sex uncertain for a discount

Available Options

* Type:

   - OR -   

Protomelas sp. Steveni Taiwan Reef males start out with a blue face and a yellow and red body with black checkerboard lines.  When they mature, around 4 inches, males turn blue with a yellow area on the front portion of their body diplaying a red anal fin. Females are silver with several vertical black lines with a darker color face.. C.A.R.E.S. Program Fish, Vulnerable facing a high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium term future.

Mildly aggressive haplochromis that mixes well with most other haplochromis, peacocks, milder mbuna, and milder Lake Victorians.

See Compatibility Chart for more Information

Breeds best in trios in larger tanks of 75 gallons or more. May breed in 40 gallon breeder at about 2.5 to 3.5" as well.

See Keeping Haplochromis page for more information

Profile Specs
Scientific Name Protomelas Steveni Taiwan Reef
Common Name(s) Protomelas Steveni Taiwan Reef
Geo. Origin Taiwan Reef; Malawi
Habitat Sediment-free rocky habitat
Diet Herbivore
Gender Differences Dimorphic
Breeding Maternal Mouthbrooder
Temperament Peaceful
Conspecific Temperament Mildly Aggressive
Maximum Size 7"
Temperature 78 - 82F
pH 7.8 - 8.6
Water Hardness Hard

Temperature: This is the temperature range of the natural waters that these species of cichlid live. Not keeping your aquarium at these temperatures could jeopardize the health of the species.

Scientific Name: This is the scientific name given to the fish in order to properly identify the species.

Common Name(s): This is the name given to the fish by aquarist to identify the species in the place of more confusing scientific names. Care should be given when identifying species by common name as more than one species can have the same common name resulting in cross breeding. It is recommended to use the scientific name when purchasing fish.

Geo. Origin: This is the geographical area that the species originated from.

Habitat: This is a description of the primary environment the cichlid can be found, such as in a rocky or sandy habitat. This does not mean a fish cannot be found in other habitats.

Diet: This is the type of foods the species primarily eats. This is very important because, for example, if a high protein diet is given to an omnivore, it could cause bloat and kill the fish. This is due to the fish not having the ability to break-down high levels of protein properly in the digestive system.

Gender Differences: This is a description of the visual differences between males and females of a species. Dimorphic is when the male of the species has brighter coloration while the females are plainer and more drab. Monomorphic, on the other hand, is when the male and female of the species look identical.

Breeding: This is a description of how the species breeds.

Temperament: This describes the overall temperament of the species towards other tankmates of a different species.

Conspecific Temperament: This describes the overall temperament of the species towards other tankmates of the same species.

Maximum Size: This is a description of the total length (including the tail) of typical aquarium specimens. Wild specimens may not attain this size, or may in fact grow larger than aquarium raised individuals due to various factors. This is not a guarantee to the maximum size it is just a generalization.

pH: This is the pH range of the natural waters that the species of cichlid live. Not keeping your aquarium at these pH levels could jeopardize the health of the species.

Water Hardess: This is the amount of minerals in the water, such as calcium, magnesium, iron, and many types of divalent salts. The minerals in the water play an important role in the biological process of cichlid. They are necessary for bone formation, blood clotting and other metabolic reactions. A lack of proper minerals in the water can reduce the energy available for growth and may jeopardize the health of the species.

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